Sunday, June 5, 2011

Location of Nepal

Longitude 27° 42' North
Latitude 85° 12' East Local
Time Nepal Standard Time is 5:45 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time

Voltage in Nepal Nepal, officially Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is the world's youngest republic. Earlier, Nepal was a constitutional monarchy and it became a democratic republic on May 28, 2008. Locked within the rugged ranges of the Himalayas, Nepal is bounded by the Tibet region of China on the North and India on the South, East, and West. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies in its East whereas the Autonomous region of Tibet in Northeast. There are various entry points from the Indian side but the major ones are Nepal Gunj, Mahendra Nagar and Bir Gunj. From the Chinese side there are couple of passes to enter Nepal. Some of the major ones are Renjo La at 5465 meters, Cho La at 5420 meters and Kongma La at 5535 meters. There is only one entry to Tibet and Bhutan and that is Lungu La pass.

It was cut off from the rest of the world until the early 1950s. A palace revolution and the subsequent overthrow of the autocratic Rana dynasty marked the beginning of Nepal's emergence into the modern world. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city.

Nepali Language

Nepali Language was previously called Khaskura language. Nepali Language is a very important Indo-Aryan language and is spoken in Bhutan, India and Myanmar apart from Nepal. Nepali Language is also the official language of Nepal and Sikkim. Almost half of the total population of Nepal converses in Nepali. The Nepali Language was an important issue in the civil war of Nepal during 1996 till 2006, as the imposition of Nepali in the court, government and the educational system has initiated controversy in this area.

Nepali Language is also known as Nepalese. As the language of Nepali is spoken by the Gurkhas, it is also called Gurkhali and Parbatiya, that is, the language of the mountains. Nepali Language is a head-final language and it has a Subject-Object-Verb order. There are no prepositions but only postpositions, with a limited grammatical gender.
Nepali first started to be used in writing during the 12th century AD. It is written with the Devanāgarī alphabet, which developed from the Brahmi script in the 11th century AD.
The total speakers of the Nepali Language are approximately thirty-five million whereas there are as many as eleven million people with Nepali as their mother tongue. Nepali is ranked at position number fifty-seven in the world rating for languages. Nepali Language belongs to the Indo-European, Indo-Aryan, Pahari, Eastern Pahari and Indo-Iranian group of languages. The writing script is that of Devnagri. The well renowned creative works in the Nepali Language are Tantrakhyan, Walangata Simule, Swambaraya, Ekadashi Brata and Mooldev Shashidev.

Devanāgarī alphabet for Nepali

Vowels and vowel diacritics

Nepali vowels and vowel diacritics


Nepali consonants


Nepali numerals and numbers

Sample text in Nepali

Sample text in Nepali

Sabai vyaktiharū janmajāt svatantra hun tī sabaikō samān adhikār ra mahatva cha. Nijaharūmā vicāraśakti ra sadvicār bhaēkōlē nijaharūlē āpastmā bhrātr̥tvakō bhāvanābāṭ vyavahār garanu parcha.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)